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Ever finished a book? I mean, truly finished one? Cover to cover. Closed the spine with that slow awakening that comes with reentering consciousness?

You take a breath, deep from the bottom of your lungs and sit there. Book in both hands, your head staring down at the cover, back page or wall in front of you.

You’re grateful, thoughtful, pensive. You feel like a piece of you was just gained and lost. You’ve just experienced something deep, something intimate… Full from the experience, the connection, the richness that comes after digesting another soul.

[…]

It’s no surprise that readers are better people. Having experienced someone else’s life through abstract eyes, they’ve learned what it’s like to leave their bodies and see the world through other frames of reference. They have access to hundreds of souls, and the collected wisdom of all them.

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Beautiful read on why readers are, “scientifically,” the best people to date

Perhaps Kafka’s timeless contention that books are "the axe for the frozen sea inside us" applies equally to the frozen sea between us. 

(via explore-blog)

neil will love this one.

(via amandapalmer)

(via amandapalmer)

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What’s up with comma splices?

theyuniversity:

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A comma splice is a grammar error that is created by joining two independent clauses (complete sentences) with a comma. It is one of the most common grammar mistakes; if you pay attention, you’ll encounter dozens of them each day.

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Since we have two complete sentences, we would form a comma splice if we combined them by using just a comma:

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We see comma splices everywhere, and it’s unfortunate that people don’t know how to correct them.

Here is an easy way to correct a comma splice:

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There is another way to fix comma splices: use the “FANBOYS”:

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IMPORTANT NOTE: If the sentences are short, the comma before each FANBOYS is optional. However, on the SAT and ACT exams, they ALWAYS require a comma.

The technical name for the FANBOYS is coordinating conjunction. The term itself isn’t important; what actually matters is the role that coordinating conjunctions play. So let’s take a random comma splice and fix it by using one of the FANBOYS:

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The sentence is now correct. On standardized tests, comma splices are quite common. Placing one of the FANBOYS between the two independent clauses (i.e., complete sentences) solves this problem. Just be sure to pick the one that makes the most logical sense. (For instance, there is a big difference between “but” and “and,” so you have to pick the right word.)

Good luck on the SAT!

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johnnylawgottagun:

Angus McBride. Picture of a Nubian infantryman, 10th century AD. The shield would have been made from a tough ox hide stretched over a wooden frame. A very good material for making effective shields.

johnnylawgottagun:

Angus McBride. Picture of a Nubian infantryman, 10th century AD. The shield would have been made from a tough ox hide stretched over a wooden frame. A very good material for making effective shields.

(via jesebrooks)

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diasporicroots:

bravelife00:

Kandake, also Candace, was the title for queens and queen mothers of the ancient African kingdom of Kush.

In the kingdom of Kush (called Ethiopia by classical authors), particularly during the Meroitic period, women played prominent roles in affairs of the state, occupying positions of power and prestige, the natural outgrowth of which was the development of a line of queens. The kendakes held just as much, if not more, power than the kings; The mothers would rule and create their sons as rulers, but they also deposed their own sons too. In fact, a Kandake could order the king to commit suicide to end his rule, an order that he was required to follow. They were rulers in their own right, and they ruled alongside the kings.

There are four women most often cited as Candace: Amanerinas, Amanishakhete, Nawidemak and Maleqereabar and each of them Powerful rulers. After alexander the great conquered Kemet, he decided to continue south to invade Kush, but he had to contend with Candace, one of the “mother queens,” who was the general-in-chief of the army as well as a great military commander and war strategist. As Alexander headed towards the first cataract feeling good about his victories, he saw the Kushite army with its leader Queen Candace, who was sitting on a royally designed bench set across the top of two elephants.

There are different accounts of what actually occurred when Candace confronted Alexander. According to Chancellor Williams, after seeing Candace’s formidable defense of well-trained soldiers armed with iron weapons, Alexander reconsidered his decision to go into battle because his opponent’s air of confidence forced him to think about his winning streak. William Leo Hansberry says that Alexander met semi-privately with Candace. Legend has it that Candace advised Alexander to leave the region immediately and if he refused, after defeating his army, she would cut off his head and roll it down a hill. He also weighed the possibility of losing to a woman general against his reputation.

Source; Source; Source 

Click here for a very brief introductory overview about the Kandake’s.

(via jesebrooks)

Video

thenublk:

[Video] Bureh Beach Boys: The First Surfers of Sierra Leone

In 2003 a few local boys from Bureh Town, Sierra Leone started to go out in the ocean in a different way. The chopped out parts of old canoes and used them as Boogie Boards, without knowing that they took the first step towards surfing. Ten years later they still do the same, going out in the water to surf, now just with real surfboards that they got over the years. The first surfers of Sierra Leone live the pure surf-lifestyle with their small surf club, unnoticed from the world.

source

(via jesebrooks)

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diasporicroots:

The myths surrounding Ancient African Writing systems

Historically, the continent of Africa was looked at as the “Dark Continent”. It was assumed by many Europeans that Africa was “uncivilized” and “barbaric” and in no way could have developed such complex languages.

However this belief was as far removed from reality as possible as communicating, writing and trade are part of the human experience especially for the regions and kingdoms that traded internationally.  There were many different writing systems in Africa. The writing systems were and still are, a reflection of various philosophies [thought processes] found in African cultures and civilizations. Language, to an African mind is part of your spirituality. The word spirituality is a way of life based on a society’s belief systems and moral values as they relate to a higher being. A spirituality is all of what you define yourself to be and is intertwined with your everyday actions. Your spirituality cannot be separated from your being. Egyptians believed that God is everything and everything is God as did many other Africans, not the idea that God is just in everything. Spirituality is also the relationship between you and your ancestors. When a person dies, the “spirit” returns to a higher being. Your ancestors then become, your link with that higher being. Symbolism is a way of expressing that spirituality through individual aspects of your culture. Therefore spiritual symbolism means your relationship with a higher being and your ancestors who are parts of the higher being through the individual aspects of your culture in everyday life. Much of the text written by Egyptian scribes were attached to a Egyptian spiritual belief.

Source: http://www.library.cornell.edu/africana/Writing_Systems/Welcome.html

(Source: Diasporicroots, via jesebrooks)

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